Pūblius Ovidius Nāsō (Latin: [ˈpuːblɪ.ʊs ɔˈwɪdɪ.ʊs ˈnaːsoː]; 20 March 43 BC – 17/18 AD), known in English as Ovid ( OV-id), was a Roman poet who lived during the reign of Augustus. He was a contemporary of the older Virgil and Horace, with whom he is often ranked as one of the three canonical poets of Latin literature. The Imperial scholar Quintilian considered him the last of the Latin love elegists. Although Ovid enjoyed enormous popularity during his lifetime, the emperor Augustus banished him to a remote province on the Black Sea, where he remained until his death. Ovid himself attributes his exile to carmen et error, "a poem and a mistake", but his discretion in discussing the causes has resulted in much speculation among scholars.