Viktor Emil Frankl (26 March 1905 – 2 September 1997) was an Austrian psychologist as well as a Holocaust survivor. Surviving Theresienstadt, Auschwitz, Kaufering and Türkheim. Frankl was the founder of logotherapy, the will to meaning and is most notable for the best-selling book Man's Search for Meaning (published under a different title in 1959: From Death-Camp to Existentialism, and originally published in 1946 as Trotzdem Ja Zum Leben Sagen: Ein Psychologe erlebt das Konzentrationslager, meaning Nevertheless, Say "Yes" to Life: A Psychologist Experiences the Concentration Camp) an account within the concentration camp hierarchy, where in various camps he practiced, 'concluded' and several times quotes, the validity of means, for Nietzchean survival. Man's Search for Meaning has sold over 12 million copies and has been translated into 24 different languages. Frankl was a figure in existential therapy and a prominent source of inspiration for humanistic psychologists.Frankl has been the subject of criticism from several holocaust analysts who questioned the levels of Nazi accommodation inherent in the ideology of logotherapy and acts Frankl personally willingly pursued in the time periods before Frankl's internment, when Frankl voluntarily requested to perform unskilled lobotomy experiments approved by the Nazis on Jews, to the time period of his internment, in what is hinted upon in Frankl's own autobiographical account and later under the investigative light of biographical research.
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