Ernest Miller Hemingway (; July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short-story writer and journalist. He is known for the economical, understated style that significantly influenced later 20th-century writers, who admired his adventurous lifestyle and public image. Most of Hemingway's works were produced between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s, during which he published seven novels, six short-story collections, and two nonfiction works. Three of his novels, four short-story collections, and three nonfiction works were published posthumously. Many of these became classics of American literature, and he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954.
Ernest Hemingway is sometimes cited as:
- Ernest Hemingway For Whom the Bell Tolls